Talk to us

dbs@embuni.ac.ke

Welcome to the Department of Biological Sciences.

Latest Publications

2020

  1. Mwakha, F., Budambula, N., Neondo, J., Gichimu, B., Odari, E., & Kamau, P. et al. (2020). Witchweed’s Suicidal Germination: Can Slenderleaf Help?. Agronomy, 10(6), 873. doi: 10.3390/agronomy10060873
  2. Omire, A., Neondo, J., Budambula, N., Gituru, R., & Mweu, C. (2020). Hyphaene compressa, an important palm in the arid and semi-arid regions of Kenya. Ethnobotany Research And Applications, 20. doi: 10.32859/era.20.4.1-15
  3. Omire, A., Budambula, N., Kirumbi, L., Langat, H., Kerosi, D., Ochieng, W., & Lwembe, R. (2020). Cervical Dysplasia, Infection, and Phylogeny of Human Papillomavirus in HIV-Infected and HIV-Uninfected Women at a Reproductive Health Clinic in Nairobi, Kenya. Biomed Research International, 2020, 1-10. doi: 10.1155/2020/4945608
  4. Nthiwa D., Bett B., Odongo D., Kenya E., et al (2020). Seroprevalence of foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle herds raised in Maasai Mara ecosystem in Kenya. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 176 (2020) 104929. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.104929
  5. Beckley, S.J.; Hunter, M.C.; Kituyi, S.N.; Wingate, I.; Chakraborty, A.; Schwarz, K.; Makhubu, M.P.; Rousseau, R.P.; Ruck, D.K.; de la Mare, J.-A.; Blatch, G.L.; Edkins, A.L. (2020) STIP1/HOP Regulates the Actin Cytoskeleton through Interactions with Actin and Changes in Actin-Binding Proteins Cofilin and Profilin. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 3152.
  6. Mwakha, F. A., Gichimu, B.M., Neondo, J.O., Kamau, P.K, Odari, E. O., Muli, J.K., Budambula, N.L.M (2020). Agro-Morphological Characterization of Kenyan Slender Leaf (Crotalaria brevidens and C. ochroleuca) Accessions. Hindawi, International Journal of Agronomy Volume 2020, Article ID 2710907, 10 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/2710907

2019

  1. Onipchenko VG., Kopylova NA., Kipkeev AM., Elumeeva TG., Azovsky A., Dudov SV., & Nyaga JM. (2019). Low floristic richness of afro‑alpine vegetation of Mount Kenya is related to its small area. Alpine Botany. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00035-019-00229-z
  2. Koskei EC., Kotut K., Nyaga J. & Oduor SO., (2019). Temporal variation in physico-chemical characteristics, phytoplankton composition and biomass in Lake Solai, Kenya. International Journal of Aquatic Science. Vol 10 issue 2, 101-111.
  3. Burstein R., Henry NJ, Collison ML., …, Ngunjiri JW., et al., (2019). Mapping 123 million neonatal, infant and child deaths between 2000 and 2017. Nature 574. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1545-0
  4. James S.L.,  C. D Castle  ... J. W Ngunjiri.. et al ., (2019) Global injury morbidity and mortality from 1990 to 2017: results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 Injury  Prevention 2020;0:1–19. doi:10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043494
  5. Carrasco D., Nyabuga FN, Anderbrant O, Svensson GP., et al (2019). Characterization of olfactory sensory neurons in the red clover seed weevil, Protapion trifolii (Coleoptera: Brentidae) and comparison to the closely related species P. fulvipes. Journal of Insect Physiology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jinsphys.2019.103948
  6. Karanja DM., Mulwa OM., Muthengia JW., Mwirichia R., Karanja JT., & Mwiti JM. (2019): Effects of biocementation on some properties of cement-based materials incorporating Bacillus Species bacteria – a review, Journal of Sustainable Cement-Based Materials, DOI: 10.1080/21650373.2019.1640141
  7. Mulwa OM, Karanja JT., Muthengia JW., Karanja DM., Mwirichia R. Murithi G. (2019). Use of Bacillus Species Bacteria in Protecting the Concrete Structures from Sulphate Attack-A Review. Journal of Chemical Reviews. Vol 1, issue 4.
  8. Mutitu, D. K, Wachira, J. M, Mwirichia, R., Thiong`o, K.J., Munyao, O.M, Muriithi, G. (2019) Influence of Lysinibacillus sphaericus on compressive strength and water sorptivity in microbial cement mortar. Heliyon, Volume 5, Issue 11. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02881
  9. Maina S., Karuri H., and Ng’endo RN., (2019). Nematode soil food webs in maize agro-ecosystems and their implication on plant-parasitic nematodes. Phytoparasitica. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12600-019-00769-4
  10. M. M. Nzivo , R. M. Lwembe, E. O. Odari,1 J. M. Kang’ethe, and N. L. M. Budambula (2019). Prevalence and Risk Factors of Human Herpes Virus Type 8 (HHV-8), Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1), and Syphilis among Female Sex Workers in Malindi, Kenya. Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Infectious Diseases Volume 2019, Article ID 5345161, 8 pages https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/5345161
  11. Kiplimo D., Mugweru J., Kituyi S., Kipnyargis A., Mwirichia R. (2019). Diversity of esterase and lipase producing haloalkaliphilic bacteria from Lake Magadi in Kenya. J Basic Microbiol. 2019;1–12. DOI: 10.1002/jobm.201900353
  12. Peter Musembi, Bernerd Fulanda, James Kairo & Michael Githaiga (2019) Species composition, abundance and fishing methods of small-scale fisheries in the seagrass meadows of Gazi Bay, Kenya, Journal of the Indian Ocean Region, DOI: 10.1080/19480881.2019.1603608. https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/HrD2z2sf9xVkQkP9N3Q4/full?target=10.1080/19480881.2019.1603608
  13. Gatimbu K.K., Ogada M.J. and Budambula N.L.M. (2019). Environmental efficiency of small-scale tea processors in Kenya: an inverse data envelopment analysis (DEA) approach. Environment Development and sustainability. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-019-00348-x
  14. Githaiga  M.N.,  A.M. Frouws, J.G. Kairo and M. Huxham (2019). Seagrass Removal Leads to Rapid Changes in Fauna and Loss of Carbon. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.   https://doi.org/10.3389/fevo.2019.00062.
  15. Namu, J., Alakonya, A., Karuri, H., Nyaga, J., Masanga, J. Njeri, Editah. (2019). Response of Selected Kenyan Rice Cultivars to Infection by Root Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne incognita). J. Crop Sci. Biotech. 2019 (March) 22 (1) : 47 ~ 54
  16. Nthiwa, D. M., Alonso, S., Odongo, D., Kenya, E., Bett, B. (2019) A participatory epidemiological study of major cattle diseases amongst Maasai pastoralists living in wildlife-livestock interfaces in Maasai Mara, Kenya. Trop Anim Health Prod . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11250-018-01790-1

2018

  1. Kinyanjui, G., Khamis, F. M.; Ombura, F. L. O., Kenya, E. U., Ekesi, S., Mohamed, S. A. (2018) Infestation Levels and Molecular Identifcation Based on Mitochondrial COI Barcode Region of Five Invasive Gelechiidae Pest Species in Kenya. Journal of Economic Entomology, XX(XX), 2018, 1–11
  2. Kipnyargis, A.C., Khamis, F.M. Kenya, E. U., Ekesi, S. & Fiaboe, K.K.M. (2018) Genetic diversity of aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) species attacking amaranth and nightshades in different agro-ecological zones of Kenya and Tanzania African Entomology 26(2): 407–421 (2018) DOI: https://doi.org/10.4001/003.026.0407 ISSN 1021-3589 [Print]; 2224-8854 [Online]
  3. Nthakanio N.P. and Kenya, E. U. (2018). Role of Latent Local Technologies and Innovations to Catapult Development in Kenya. In Decolonial Pedagogy; Examining Sites of Resistance Resurgence and Renewal by Wane N.N and Todd K. L (Eds).  ISBN 978-3-030-01538-1 ISBN 978-3-030-01539-8 (eBook) https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-01539-8. Palgrave Macmillan Springer Nature Switzerland AG.
  4. Kituyi, S.N., Edkins. L.K. (2018) Hop/STIP1 depletion alters nuclear structure via depletion of nuclear structural protein emerin. ISSN 0006-291X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.11.073.
  5. Bett, B., Ngwili, N., Nthiwa, D. M. and Alonso, S. (2018). Association between land use change and exposure to zoonotic pathogens – Evidence from selected case studies in Africa. IN: Reference module in food science.
  6. Nderitu, W. P., J.J. Muturi, Otieno, M., Arunga, E., Johnsson, M. (2018). Tomato Leaf miner (Tuta absoluta) (Meyrick 1917) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) prevalence and farmer management practices in Kirinyanga County, Kenya. Journal of Entomology and Nematology, Vol. 10(6),pp.43-49.
  7. B. Niere and Karuri, H.W. (2018). Nematode Parasites of Potato and Sweet Potato in Sikora R.A., D. Coyne, J. Hallmann and P. Timper (Eds) Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Subtropical and Tropical Agriculture.  Boston MA. CABI. PP 222-251. ICCN 2017047194, 2017050991; ISBN 9781786391254, 9781786391261, 9781786391247.
  8. Chhotaray C., Y. Tan, J. Mugweru, M. M. Islam, H.M. A. Hameed, S. Wang, Z. Lu, C. Wang, X. Li, S. Tan, J. Liu, T. Zhang (2018).  Advances in the development of molecular genetic tools for Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Journal of Genetics and Genomics 45: 281-297.
  9. Mugweru J., J Liu, G.Makafe, G. Chiwala, B. Wang, C.Wang, X. Li, Y. Tan, W. W. Yew, S. Tan and T. Zhang (2018).  Mutation EthA W21R confers co-resistance to prothionamide and ethionamide in both Mycobacterium bovis BCG and Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv. Infection and Drug Resistance 11: 891–894.
  10. Ghilamicael A.M., N. L. M. Budambula, S.E. Anami, T. Mehari and H.I. Boga (2018). Thermotolerant bacteria of biotechnological potential from hot springs in Eritrea. African Journal of Microbiology Research 12(22): 512-524. DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2017.8626.
  11. Huxham M., D. Whitlock, M. Githaiga and  A. Dencer-Brown (2018).  Carbon in the Coastal Seascape: How Interactions Between Mangrove Forests, Seagrass Meadows and Tidal Marshes Influence Carbon Storage. Current Forestry Reports https://doi.org/10.1007/s40725-018-0077-4
  12. Muli J. K., N. Budambula, C. Mweu and S. E. Anami (2018). Drought Response in Selected Tropical Inbred Maize Lines and Relative Expression of PARP2 Gene under Limited Water Conditions. Plant 6:8-15. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20180601.12
  13. Ghilamicael A.M., H.I. Boga, S. E. Anami, T. Mehari and N.L.M. Budambula (2018). Potential human pathogenic bacteria in five hot springs in Eritrea
    revealed by next generation sequencing. PLoS ONE 13(3): e0194554. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0194554
  14. Koech C.C., Lwembe R.M., Odari E.O., Budambula N.L.M. (2018).  Prevalence and Associated Risk Factors of HTLV/HIV Co-Infection among People who inject Drugs (PWIDs): A Review.  Journal of Human Virology and Retrovirology 6(1): 00188. DOI: 10.15406/jhvrv.2017.06.00188

2017

  1. Kairu A., Upton C., Huxhamc M. ,K. Kotut., Mbechee R., and Kairo J. (2017). From Shiny Shoes to Muddy Reality: Understanding How Meso-State Actors Negotiate the Implementation Gap in Participatory Forest Management. Society & Natural Resources Vol. 0 , Iss. 0,0. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2017.1382628
  2. Namu J., Karuri H. W., A. Alakonya, Nyaga, J.M, and E. Njeri (2018).  Distribution of parasitic nematodes in Kenyan rice fields and their relation to edaphic factors, rainfall and temperature. Tropical Plant Pathology https://doi.org/10.1007/s40858-017-0194-9
  3. Nzivo M.M., R. Lwembe, E.O Odari and N.L.M.  Budambula NLM (2017). Human Herpes Virus Type 8 among Female-Sex Workers. J Hum Virol Retrovirol 5(6): 00176. DOI: 10.15406/jhvrv.2017.05.00176
  4. Muli J.K., C. Mweu, N. Budambula and S.E. Anami (2017). Yeast Extract Peptone Based Co-cultivation Media Promotes Transient GUS Expression in Tropical Maize Genotypes.  Asian Journal of Crop Science 9:
  5. Ghilamicael A.M., N. L. M. Budambula, S. E. Anami, T. Mehari and H. I. Boga (2017). Evaluation of Prokaryotic Diversity of Five Hot Springs in Eritrea. BMC Microbiology 17:203. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12866-017-1113-4.
  6. Ghilamicael A.M., H.I. Boga, S. E. Anami, T. Mehari and N.L.M. Budambula (2017).  Physical and Chemical Characteristics of Five Hot Springs in Eritrea. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 7(12): 88-94.
  7. Ayuke O., J. Lagerlöf, G. Jorge, S. Söderlund, J.J. Muturi, B.R. Sarosh, J. Meijer (2017).  Effects of biocontrol bacteria and earthworms on the severity of Alternaria brassicae disease and the growth of oilseed rape plants (Brassica napus). Applied Soil Ecology Applied Soil Ecology 117–118: 63–69.
  8. Luo W., H. Li, K. Kotut and L. Krienitz (2017).  Molecular diversity of plankton in a tropical crater lake switching from hyposaline to subsaline conditions: Lake Oloidien, Kenya. Hydrobiologia 788:205-229.
  9. Budambula V. and N. L.M. Budambula (2017). Chasing the Dragon: Drug Use and Abuse. ISBN: 9789966103024
  10. Karuri H.W, D. Olago. R. Neilson, E. Njeri, A.Opere and P. Ndegwa (2017).  Plant parasitic nematode assemblages associated with sweet potato in Kenya and their relationship with environmental variables.  Tropical plant patholology 42:1–12 DOI 10.1007/s40858-016-0114-4
  11. Karuri, H.W., Olago, D., Neilson, R., Mararo, E. and Villinger, J., (2017). A survey of root knot nematodes and resistance to Meloidogyne incognita in sweet potato varieties from Kenyan fields. Crop Protection. 92:114-12.

2016

  1. Mutiga M. I., P.K. Muoria, K. Kotut and H.W. Karuri (2016).  Behavioural Patterns and Responses to Human Disturbances of Wild Somali Ostriches (Struthio molybdophanes) in Samburu, Kenya.  International Journal of Advanced Research 4(8): 495-502.
  2. Imbo   M.C., N. L. M. Budambula, C.M. Mweu, J. K. Muli and S. E. Anami (2016). Genetic Transformation of Sweet Potato for Improved Tolerance to Stress: A Review.  Advances in Life Science and Technology 49:67-76
  3. Muli J.K., N. L. M. Budambula, C. Mweu, M. C. Imbo and S. E. Anami (2016).  Genetic Improvement of African Maize towards Drought Tolerance: A Review. Advances in Life Science and Technology 48: 1-9.
  4. Krienitz L., D Krienitz, P.K. Dadheech, T. Hübener,  K. Kotut, W. Luo, K. Teubner, and  W. D. Versfeld(2016). Food algae for Lesser Flamingos: a stocktaking. Hydrobiologia 775: 21-50
  5. Kambura A. K., R. K. Mwirichia, R. W.Kasili, E. N. Karanja, H. M. Makonde and H. I. Boga (2016). Bacteria and Archaea diversity within thehot springs of Lake Magadi and LittleMagadi in Kenya. BMC Microbiology 16:136DOI 10.1186/s12866-016-0748-x
  6. Kambura A., R. Mwirichia, R. Kasili, E. Karanja, H. Makonde and H. Boga (2016).Diversity of fungi in sediments and water sampled from the hot springs of Lake Magadi and Little Magadi in Kenya. 10:330-338 DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2015.7879
  7. Mwirichia R., Alam I., RashidM., Manikandan V., Ba-Alawi., Kamau A.A., Ngugi D.K, Göker M., Klenk H.P, Bajic V2 and Stingl U.(2016).Metabolic traits of an uncultured archaeal lineage - MSBL1 - from brine pools of the Red Sea. Scientific Reports6, Article number: 19181 doi:10.1038/srep19181
  8. Muwawa E.M, N.L.M. Budambula, Z. L. Osiemo, H. I. Boga and H.M. Makonde (2016). Isolation and characterization of some gut microbial symbionts from fungus-cultivating termites (Macrotermes and Odontotermesspp). African Journal of Microbiology Research 10:994-1004 DOI: 10.5897/AJMR2016.8060.
  9. Missiani O., J. H. Kimotho, J. Oyugi, F. Okoth, H.Kioko, S. Mining, N. L. M. Budambula, E. Giles, A.Andonov, E.Songok and C.Osiowy (2016).Hepatitis B infection is highly prevalent among patients presenting with jaundice in Kenya. BMC Infectious Diseases 16:101 DOI 10.1186/s12879-016-1409-2